Insight? Practice!

Road to myself. 자기자신에게로 이르는 길.

Individual or compiled

Plugins can be included individually (using Bootstrap’s individual *.js files), or all at once (using bootstrap.js or the minified bootstrap.min.js).

Do not attempt to include both.

Both bootstrap.js and bootstrap.min.js contain all plugins in a single file.

Plugin dependencies

Some plugins and CSS components depend on other plugins. If you include plugins individually, make sure to check for these dependencies in the docs. Also note that all plugins depend on jQuery (this means jQuery must be included before the plugin files). Consult our bower.json to see which versions of jQuery are supported.

Data attributes

You can use all Bootstrap plugins purely through the markup API without writing a single line of JavaScript. This is Bootstrap’s first-class API and should be your first consideration when using a plugin.

That said, in some situations it may be desirable to turn this functionality off. Therefore, we also provide the ability to disable the data attribute API by unbinding all events on the document namespaced with data-api. This looks like this:

$(document).off('.data-api')

Alternatively, to target a specific plugin, just include the plugin’s name as a namespace along with the data-api namespace like this:

$(document).off('.alert.data-api')

Programmatic API

We also believe you should be able to use all Bootstrap plugins purely through the JavaScript API. All public APIs are single, chainable methods, and return the collection acted upon.

$(".btn.danger").button("toggle").addClass("fat")

All methods should accept an optional options object, a string which targets a particular method, or nothing (which initiates a plugin with default behavior):

$("#myModal").modal()                      // initialized with defaults
$("#myModal").modal({ keyboard: false })   // initialized with no keyboard
$("#myModal").modal('show')                // initializes and invokes show immediately</p>

Each plugin also exposes its raw constructor on a Constructor property: $.fn.popover.Constructor. If you’d like to get a particular plugin instance, retrieve it directly from an element: $('[rel=popover]').data('popover').

No conflict

Sometimes it is necessary to use Bootstrap plugins with other UI frameworks. In these circumstances, namespace collisions can occasionally occur. If this happens, you may call .noConflict on the plugin you wish to revert the value of.

var bootstrapButton = $.fn.button.noConflict() // return $.fn.button to previously assigned value
$.fn.bootstrapBtn = bootstrapButton            // give $().bootstrapBtn the Bootstrap functionality

Events

Bootstrap provides custom events for most plugin’s unique actions. Generally, these come in an infinitive and past participle form - where the infinitive (ex. show) is triggered at the start of an event, and its past participle form (ex. shown) is trigger on the completion of an action.

As of 3.0.0, all Bootstrap events are namespaced.

All infinitive events provide preventDefault functionality. This provides the ability to stop the execution of an action before it starts.

$('#myModal').on('show.bs.modal', function (e) {
  if (!data) return e.preventDefault() // stops modal from being shown
})

Third-party libraries

Bootstrap does not officially support third-party JavaScript libraries like Prototype or jQuery UI. Despite .noConflict and namespaced events, there may be compatibility problems that you need to fix on your own. Ask on the mailing list if you need help.

About transitions

For simple transition effects, include transition.js once alongside the other JS files. If you’re using the compiled (or minified) bootstrap.js, there is no need to include this—it’s already there.

What’s inside

Transition.js is a basic helper for transitionEnd events as well as a CSS transition emulator. It’s used by the other plugins to check for CSS transition support and to catch hanging transitions.

Examples

Modals are streamlined, but flexible, dialog prompts with the minimum required functionality and smart defaults.

Overlapping modals not supported

Be sure not to open a modal while another is still visible. Showing more than one modal at a time requires custom code.

Mobile device caveats

There are some caveats regarding using modals on mobile devices. See our browser support docs for details.

Static example

A rendered modal with header, body, and set of actions in the footer.

<div class="modal fade">
  <div class="modal-dialog">
    <div class="modal-content">
      <div class="modal-header">
        <button type="button" class="close" data-dismiss="modal" aria-hidden="true">&times;</button>
        <h4 class="modal-title">Modal title</h4>
      </div>
      <div class="modal-body">
        <p>One fine body&hellip;</p>
      </div>
      <div class="modal-footer">
        <button type="button" class="btn btn-default" data-dismiss="modal">Close</button>
        <button type="button" class="btn btn-primary">Save changes</button>
      </div>
    </div><!-- /.modal-content -->
  </div><!-- /.modal-dialog -->
</div><!-- /.modal -->

Live demo

Toggle a modal via JavaScript by clicking the button below. It will slide down and fade in from the top of the page.

<!-- Button trigger modal -->
<button class="btn btn-primary btn-lg" data-toggle="modal" data-target="#myModal">
  Launch demo modal
</button>

<!-- Modal -->
<div class="modal fade" id="myModal" tabindex="-1" role="dialog" aria-labelledby="myModalLabel" aria-hidden="true">
  <div class="modal-dialog">
    <div class="modal-content">
      <div class="modal-header">
        <button type="button" class="close" data-dismiss="modal" aria-hidden="true">&times;</button>
        <h4 class="modal-title" id="myModalLabel">Modal title</h4>
      </div>
      <div class="modal-body">
        ...
      </div>
      <div class="modal-footer">
        <button type="button" class="btn btn-default" data-dismiss="modal">Close</button>
        <button type="button" class="btn btn-primary">Save changes</button>
      </div>
    </div><!-- /.modal-content -->
  </div><!-- /.modal-dialog -->
</div><!-- /.modal -->

Make modals accessible

Be sure to add role="dialog" to .modal, aria-labelledby="myModalLabel" attribute to reference the modal title, and aria-hidden="true" to tell assistive technologies to skip the modal’s DOM elements.

Additionally, you may give a description of your modal dialog with aria-describedby on .modal.

Usage

The modal plugin toggles your hidden content on demand, via data attributes or JavaScript. It also adds .model-open to the <body> to override default scrolling behavior and generates a .modal-backdrop to provide a click area for dismissing shown modals when clicking outside the modal.

Via data attributes

Activate a modal without writing JavaScript. Set data-toggle="modal" on a controller element, like a button, along with a data-target="#foo" or href="#foo" to target a specific modal to toggle.

<button type="button" data-toggle="modal" data-target="#myModal">Launch modal</button>

Via JavaScript

Call a modal with id myModal with a single line of JavaScript:

$('#myModal').modal(options)

Options

Options can be passed via data attributes or JavaScript. For data attributes, append the option name to data-, as in data-backdrop="".

Name type default description
backdrop boolean or the string 'static' true Includes a modal-backdrop element. Alternatively, specify static for a backdrop which doesn’t close the modal on click.
keyboard boolean true Closes the modal when escape key is pressed
show boolean true Shows the modal when initialized.
remote path false

If a remote URL is provided, content will be loaded via jQuery’s load method and injected into the root of the modal element. If you’re using the data-api, you may alternatively use the href attribute to specify the remote source. An example of this is shown below:

<a data-toggle="modal" href="remote.html" data-target="#modal">Click me</a>

Methods

.modal(options)

Activates your content as a modal. Accepts an optional options object.

$('#myModal').modal({
  keyboard: false
})

.modal(‘toggle’)

Manually toggles a modal.

$('#myModal').modal('toggle')

.modal(‘show’)

Manually opens a modal.

$('#myModal').modal('show')

.modal(‘hide’)

Manually hides a modal.

$('#myModal').modal('hide')

Events

Bootstrap’s modal class exposes a few events for hooking into modal functionality.

Event Type Description
show.bs.modal This event fires immediately when the show instance method is called.
shown.bs.modal This event is fired when the modal has been made visible to the user (will wait for CSS transitions to complete).
hide.bs.modal This event is fired immediately when the hide instance method has been called.
hidden.bs.modal This event is fired when the modal has finished being hidden from the user (will wait for CSS transitions to complete).
$('#myModal').on('hidden.bs.modal', function () {
  // do something…
})

Add dropdown menus to nearly anything with this simple plugin, including the navbar, tabs, and pills.

Within a navbar

Within tabs

Via data attributes or JavaScript, the dropdown plugin toggles hidden content (dropdown menus) by toggling the .open class on the parent list item. When opened, the plugin also adds .dropdown-backdrop as a click area for closing dropdown menus when clicking outside the menu.

Via data attributes

Add data-toggle="dropdown" to a link or button to toggle a dropdown.

<div class="dropdown">
  <a data-toggle="dropdown" href="#">Dropdown trigger</a>
  <ul class="dropdown-menu" role="menu" aria-labelledby="dLabel">
    ...
  </ul>
</div>

To keep URLs intact, use the data-target attribute instead of href="#".

<div class="dropdown">
  <a id="dLabel" role="button" data-toggle="dropdown" data-target="#" href="/page.html">
    Dropdown <span class="caret"></span>
  </a>


  <ul class="dropdown-menu" role="menu" aria-labelledby="dLabel">
    ...
  </ul>
</div>

Via JavaScript

Call the dropdowns via JavaScript:

$('.dropdown-toggle').dropdown()

Options

None

Methods

$().dropdown(‘toggle’)

Toggles the dropdown menu of a given navbar or tabbed navigation.

Events

Event Type Description
show.bs.dropdown This event fires immediately when the show instance method is called.
shown.bs.dropdown This event is fired when the dropdown has been made visible to the user (will wait for CSS transitions, to complete).
hide.bs.dropdown This event is fired immediately when the hide instance method has been called.
hidden.bs.dropdown This event is fired when the dropdown has finished being hidden from the user (will wait for CSS transitions, to complete).
$('#myDropdown').on('show.bs.dropdown', function () {
  // do something…
})

Example in navbar

The ScrollSpy plugin is for automatically updating nav targets based on scroll position. Scroll the area below the navbar and watch the active class change. The dropdown sub items will be highlighted as well.

@fat

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@mdo

Veniam marfa mustache skateboard, adipisicing fugiat velit pitchfork beard. Freegan beard aliqua cupidatat mcsweeney’s vero. Cupidatat four loko nisi, ea helvetica nulla carles. Tattooed cosby sweater food truck, mcsweeney’s quis non freegan vinyl. Lo-fi wes anderson +1 sartorial. Carles non aesthetic exercitation quis gentrify. Brooklyn adipisicing craft beer vice keytar deserunt.

one

Occaecat commodo aliqua delectus. Fap craft beer deserunt skateboard ea. Lomo bicycle rights adipisicing banh mi, velit ea sunt next level locavore single-origin coffee in magna veniam. High life id vinyl, echo park consequat quis aliquip banh mi pitchfork. Vero VHS est adipisicing. Consectetur nisi DIY minim messenger bag. Cred ex in, sustainable delectus consectetur fanny pack iphone.

two

In incididunt echo park, officia deserunt mcsweeney’s proident master cleanse thundercats sapiente veniam. Excepteur VHS elit, proident shoreditch +1 biodiesel laborum craft beer. Single-origin coffee wayfarers irure four loko, cupidatat terry richardson master cleanse. Assumenda you probably haven’t heard of them art party fanny pack, tattooed nulla cardigan tempor ad. Proident wolf nesciunt sartorial keffiyeh eu banh mi sustainable. Elit wolf voluptate, lo-fi ea portland before they sold out four loko. Locavore enim nostrud mlkshk brooklyn nesciunt.

three

Ad leggings keytar, brunch id art party dolor labore. Pitchfork yr enim lo-fi before they sold out qui. Tumblr farm-to-table bicycle rights whatever. Anim keffiyeh carles cardigan. Velit seitan mcsweeney’s photo booth 3 wolf moon irure. Cosby sweater lomo jean shorts, williamsburg hoodie minim qui you probably haven’t heard of them et cardigan trust fund culpa biodiesel wes anderson aesthetic. Nihil tattooed accusamus, cred irony biodiesel keffiyeh artisan ullamco consequat.

Keytar twee blog, culpa messenger bag marfa whatever delectus food truck. Sapiente synth id assumenda. Locavore sed helvetica cliche irony, thundercats you probably haven’t heard of them consequat hoodie gluten-free lo-fi fap aliquip. Labore elit placeat before they sold out, terry richardson proident brunch nesciunt quis cosby sweater pariatur keffiyeh ut helvetica artisan. Cardigan craft beer seitan readymade velit. VHS chambray laboris tempor veniam. Anim mollit minim commodo ullamco thundercats.

Usage

Via data attributes

To easily add scrollspy behavior to your topbar navigation, add data-spy="scroll" to the element you want to spy on (most typically this would be the <body>). Then add the data-target attribute with the ID or class of the parent element of any Bootstrap .nav component.

<body data-spy="scroll" data-target="#navbar-example">
  ...
</body>

Via JavaScript

Call the scrollspy via JavaScript:

$('body').scrollspy({ target: '#navbar-example' })

Resolvable ID targets required

Navbar links must have resolvable id targets. For example, a <a href="#home">home</a> must correspond to something in the DOM like <div id="home"></div>.

Methods

.scrollspy(‘refresh’)

When using scrollspy in conjunction with adding or removing of elements from the DOM, you’ll need to call the refresh method like so:

$('[data-spy="scroll"]').each(function () {
  var $spy = $(this).scrollspy('refresh')
})

Options

Options can be passed via data attributes or JavaScript. For data attributes, append the option name to data-, as in data-offset="".

Name type default description
offset number 10 Pixels to offset from top when calculating position of scroll.

Events

Event Type Description
activate.bs.scrollspy This event fires whenever a new item becomes activated by the scrollspy.
$('#myScrollspy').on('activate.bs.scrollspy', function () {
  // do something…
})

Example tabs

Add quick, dynamic tab functionality to transition through panes of local content, even via dropdown menus.

Raw denim you probably haven’t heard of them jean shorts Austin. Nesciunt tofu stumptown aliqua, retro synth master cleanse. Mustache cliche tempor, williamsburg carles vegan helvetica. Reprehenderit butcher retro keffiyeh dreamcatcher synth. Cosby sweater eu banh mi, qui irure terry richardson ex squid. Aliquip placeat salvia cillum iphone. Seitan aliquip quis cardigan american apparel, butcher voluptate nisi qui.

Food truck fixie locavore, accusamus mcsweeney’s marfa nulla single-origin coffee squid. Exercitation +1 labore velit, blog sartorial PBR leggings next level wes anderson artisan four loko farm-to-table craft beer twee. Qui photo booth letterpress, commodo enim craft beer mlkshk aliquip jean shorts ullamco ad vinyl cillum PBR. Homo nostrud organic, assumenda labore aesthetic magna delectus mollit. Keytar helvetica VHS salvia yr, vero magna velit sapiente labore stumptown. Vegan fanny pack odio cillum wes anderson 8-bit, sustainable jean shorts beard ut DIY ethical culpa terry richardson biodiesel. Art party scenester stumptown, tumblr butcher vero sint qui sapiente accusamus tattooed echo park.

Extends tabbed navigation

This plugin extends the tabbed navigation component to add tabbable areas.

Usage

Enable tabbable tabs via JavaScript (each tab needs to be activated individually):

$('#myTab a').click(function (e) {
  e.preventDefault()
  $(this).tab('show')
})

You can activate individual tabs in several ways:

$('#myTab a[href="#profile"]').tab('show') // Select tab by name
$('#myTab a:first').tab('show') // Select first tab
$('#myTab a:last').tab('show') // Select last tab
$('#myTab li:eq(2) a').tab('show') // Select third tab (0-indexed)

Markup

You can activate a tab or pill navigation without writing any JavaScript by simply specifying data-toggle="tab" or data-toggle="pill" on an element. Adding the nav and nav-tabs classes to the tab ul will apply the Bootstrap tab styling, while adding the nav and nav-pills classes will apply pill styling.

<!-- Nav tabs -->
<ul class="nav nav-tabs">
  <li><a href="#home" data-toggle="tab">Home</a></li>
  <li><a href="#profile" data-toggle="tab">Profile</a></li>
  <li><a href="#messages" data-toggle="tab">Messages</a></li>
  <li><a href="#settings" data-toggle="tab">Settings</a></li>
</ul>

<!-- Tab panes -->
<div class="tab-content">
  <div class="tab-pane active" id="home">...</div>
  <div class="tab-pane" id="profile">...</div>
  <div class="tab-pane" id="messages">...</div>
  <div class="tab-pane" id="settings">...</div>
</div>

Fade effect

To make tabs fade in, add .fade to each .tab-pane. The first tab pane must also have .in to properly fade in initial content.

<div class="tab-content">
  <div class="tab-pane fade in active" id="home">...</div>
  <div class="tab-pane fade" id="profile">...</div>
  <div class="tab-pane fade" id="messages">...</div>
  <div class="tab-pane fade" id="settings">...</div>
</div>

Methods

$().tab

Activates a tab element and content container. Tab should have either a data-target or an href targeting a container node in the DOM.

<ul class="nav nav-tabs" id="myTab">
  <li class="active"><a href="#home" data-toggle="tab">Home</a></li>
  <li><a href="#profile" data-toggle="tab">Profile</a></li>
  <li><a href="#messages" data-toggle="tab">Messages</a></li>
  <li><a href="#settings" data-toggle="tab">Settings</a></li>
</ul>

<div class="tab-content">
  <div class="tab-pane active" id="home">...</div>
  <div class="tab-pane" id="profile">...</div>
  <div class="tab-pane" id="messages">...</div>
  <div class="tab-pane" id="settings">...</div>
</div>

<script>
  $(function () {
    $('#myTab a:last').tab('show')
  })
</script>

Events

Event Type Description
show.bs.tab This event fires on tab show, but before the new tab has been shown. Use event.target and event.relatedTarget to target the active tab and the previous active tab (if available) respectively.
shown.bs.tab This event fires on tab show after a tab has been shown. Use event.target and event.relatedTarget to target the active tab and the previous active tab (if available) respectively.
$('a[data-toggle="tab"]').on('shown.bs.tab', function (e) {
  e.target // activated tab
  e.relatedTarget // previous tab
})

Examples

Inspired by the excellent jQuery.tipsy plugin written by Jason Frame; Tooltips are an updated version, which don’t rely on images, use CSS3 for animations, and data-attributes for local title storage.

Hover over the links below to see tooltips:

Tight pants next level keffiyeh you probably haven’t heard of them. Photo booth beard raw denim letterpress vegan messenger bag stumptown. Farm-to-table seitan, mcsweeney’s fixie sustainable quinoa 8-bit american apparel have a terry richardson vinyl chambray. Beard stumptown, cardigans banh mi lomo thundercats. Tofu biodiesel williamsburg marfa, four loko mcsweeney’s cleanse vegan chambray. A really ironic artisan whatever keytar, scenester farm-to-table banksy Austin twitter handle freegan cred raw denim single-origin coffee viral.

Four directions

Opt-in functionality

For performance reasons, the Tooltip and Popover data-apis are opt-in, meaning you must initialize them yourself.

Tooltips in button groups and input groups require special setting

When using tooltips on elements within a .btn-group or an .input-group, you’ll have to specify the option container: 'body' (documented below) to avoid unwanted side effects (such as the element growing wider and/or losing its rounded corners when the tooltip is triggered).

Tooltips on disabled elements require wrapper elements

To add a tooltip to a disabled or .disabled element, put the element inside of a <div> and apply the tooltip to that <div> instead.

Usage

The tooltip plugin generates content and markup on demand, and by default places tooltips after their trigger element.

Trigger the tooltip via JavaScript:

$('#example').tooltip(options)

Markup

The generated markup of a tooltip is rather simple, though it does require a position (by default, set to top by the plugin).

<div class="tooltip">
  <div class="tooltip-inner">
    Tooltip!
  </div>
  <div class="tooltip-arrow"></div>
</div>

Options

Options can be passed via data attributes or JavaScript. For data attributes, append the option name to data-, as in data-animation="".

Name type default description
animation boolean true apply a CSS fade transition to the tooltip
html boolean false Insert HTML into the tooltip. If false, jQuery’s text method will be used to insert content into the DOM. Use text if you’re worried about XSS attacks.
placement string | function ‘top’ how to position the tooltip - top | bottom | left | right | auto.
When “auto” is specified, it will dynamically reorient the tooltip. For example, if placement is “auto left”, the tooltip will display to the left when possible, otherwise it will display right.
selector string false If a selector is provided, tooltip objects will be delegated to the specified targets.
title string | function default title value if title attribute isn’t present
trigger string ‘hover focus’ how tooltip is triggered - click | hover | focus | manual. You may pass multiple triggers; separate them with a space.
delay number | object 0

delay showing and hiding the tooltip (ms) - does not apply to manual trigger type

If a number is supplied, delay is applied to both hide/show

Object structure is: delay: { show: 500, hide: 100 }

container string | false false

Appends the tooltip to a specific element. Example: container: 'body'

Data attributes for individual tooltips

Options for individual tooltips can alternatively be specified through the use of data attributes, as explained above.

Markup

<a href="#" data-toggle="tooltip" title="first tooltip">Hover over me</a>

Methods

$().tooltip(options)

Attaches a tooltip handler to an element collection.

.tooltip(‘show’)

Reveals an element’s tooltip.

$('#element').tooltip('show')

.tooltip(‘hide’)

Hides an element’s tooltip.

$('#element').tooltip('hide')

.tooltip(‘toggle’)

Toggles an element’s tooltip.

$('#element').tooltip('toggle')

.tooltip(‘destroy’)

Hides and destroys an element’s tooltip.

$('#element').tooltip('destroy')

Events

Event Type Description
show.bs.tooltip This event fires immediately when the show instance method is called.
shown.bs.tooltip This event is fired when the tooltip has been made visible to the user (will wait for CSS transitions to complete).
hide.bs.tooltip This event is fired immediately when the hide instance method has been called.
hidden.bs.tooltip This event is fired when the tooltip has finished being hidden from the user (will wait for CSS transitions to complete).
$('#myTooltip').on('hidden.bs.tooltip', function () {
  // do something…
})

Examples

Add small overlays of content, like those on the iPad, to any element for housing secondary information.

Plugin dependency

Popovers require the tooltip plugin to be included in your version of Bootstrap.

Opt-in functionality

For performance reasons, the Tooltip and Popover data-apis are opt-in, meaning you must initialize them yourself.

Popovers in button groups and input groups require special setting

When using popovers on elements within a .btn-group or an .input-group, you’ll have to specify the option container: 'body' (documented below) to avoid unwanted side effects (such as the element growing wider and/or losing its rounded corners when the popover is triggered).

Popovers on disabled elements require wrapper elements

To add a popover to a disabled or .disabled element, put the element inside of a <div> and apply the popover to that <div> instead.

Static popover

Four options are available: top, right, bottom, and left aligned.

Popover top

Sed posuere consectetur est at lobortis. Aenean eu leo quam. Pellentesque ornare sem lacinia quam venenatis vestibulum.

Popover right

Sed posuere consectetur est at lobortis. Aenean eu leo quam. Pellentesque ornare sem lacinia quam venenatis vestibulum.

Popover bottom

Sed posuere consectetur est at lobortis. Aenean eu leo quam. Pellentesque ornare sem lacinia quam venenatis vestibulum.

Popover left

Sed posuere consectetur est at lobortis. Aenean eu leo quam. Pellentesque ornare sem lacinia quam venenatis vestibulum.

Live demo

Four directions

Usage

Enable popovers via JavaScript:

$('#example').popover(options)

Options

Options can be passed via data attributes or JavaScript. For data attributes, append the option name to data-, as in data-animation="".

Name type default description
animation boolean true apply a CSS fade transition to the tooltip
html boolean false Insert HTML into the popover. If false, jQuery’s text method will be used to insert content into the DOM. Use text if you’re worried about XSS attacks.
placement string | function ‘right’ how to position the popover - top | bottom | left | right | auto.
When “auto” is specified, it will dynamically reorient the popover. For example, if placement is “auto left”, the tooltip will display to the left when possible, otherwise it will display right.
selector string false if a selector is provided, tooltip objects will be delegated to the specified targets. in practice, this is used to enable dynamic HTML content to have popovers added. See this and an informative example.
trigger string ‘click’ how popover is triggered - click | hover | focus | manual
title string | function default title value if title attribute isn’t present
content string | function default content value if data-content attribute isn’t present
delay number | object 0

delay showing and hiding the popover (ms) - does not apply to manual trigger type

If a number is supplied, delay is applied to both hide/show

Object structure is: delay: { show: 500, hide: 100 }

container string | false false

Appends the popover to a specific element. Example: container: 'body'. This option is particularly useful in that it allows you to position the popover in the flow of the document near the triggering element - which will prevent the popover from floating away from the triggering element during a window resize.

Data attributes for individual popovers

Options for individual popovers can alternatively be specified through the use of data attributes, as explained above.

Methods

$().popover(options)

Initializes popovers for an element collection.

.popover(‘show’)

Reveals an elements popover.

$('#element').popover('show')

.popover(‘hide’)

Hides an elements popover.

$('#element').popover('hide')

.popover(‘toggle’)

Toggles an elements popover.

$('#element').popover('toggle')

.popover(‘destroy’)

Hides and destroys an element’s popover.

$('#element').popover('destroy')

Events

Event Type Description
show.bs.popover This event fires immediately when the show instance method is called.
shown.bs.popover This event is fired when the popover has been made visible to the user (will wait for CSS transitions to complete).
hide.bs.popover This event is fired immediately when the hide instance method has been called.
hidden.bs.popover This event is fired when the popover has finished being hidden from the user (will wait for CSS transitions to complete).
$('#myPopover').on('hidden.bs.popover', function () {
  // do something…
})

Example alerts

Add dismiss functionality to all alert messages with this plugin.

Holy guacamole! Best check yo self, you’re not looking too good.

Oh snap! You got an error!

Change this and that and try again. Duis mollis, est non commodo luctus, nisi erat porttitor ligula, eget lacinia odio sem nec elit. Cras mattis consectetur purus sit amet fermentum.

Usage

Enable dismissal of an alert via JavaScript:

$(".alert").alert()

Markup

Just add data-dismiss="alert" to your close button to automatically give an alert close functionality.

<a class="close" data-dismiss="alert" href="#" aria-hidden="true">&times;</a>

Methods

$().alert()

Wraps all alerts with close functionality. To have your alerts animate out when closed, make sure they have the .fade and .in class already applied to them.

.alert(‘close’)

Closes an alert.

$(".alert").alert('close')

Events

Bootstrap’s alert class exposes a few events for hooking into alert functionality.

Event Type Description
close.bs.alert This event fires immediately when the close instance method is called.
closed.bs.alert This event is fired when the alert has been closed (will wait for CSS transitions to complete).
$('#my-alert').bind('closed.bs.alert', function () {
  // do something…
})

Example uses

Do more with buttons. Control button states or create groups of buttons for more components like toolbars.

Stateful

Add data-loading-text="Loading..." to use a loading state on a button.

<button type="button" data-loading-text="Loading..." class="btn btn-primary">
  Loading state
</button>

Single toggle

Add data-toggle="button" to activate toggling on a single button.

<button type="button" class="btn btn-primary" data-toggle="button">Single toggle</button>

Checkbox

Add data-toggle="buttons" to a group of checkboxes for checkbox style toggling on btn-group.

<div class="btn-group" data-toggle="buttons">
  <label class="btn btn-primary">
    <input type="checkbox"> Option 1
  </label>
  <label class="btn btn-primary">
    <input type="checkbox"> Option 2
  </label>
  <label class="btn btn-primary">
    <input type="checkbox"> Option 3
  </label>
</div>

Radio

Add data-toggle="buttons" to a group of radio inputs for radio style toggling on btn-group.

<div class="btn-group" data-toggle="buttons">
  <label class="btn btn-primary">
    <input type="radio" name="options" id="option1"> Option 1
  </label>
  <label class="btn btn-primary">
    <input type="radio" name="options" id="option2"> Option 2
  </label>
  <label class="btn btn-primary">
    <input type="radio" name="options" id="option3"> Option 3
  </label>
</div>

Usage

Enable buttons via JavaScript:

$('.btn-group').button()

Markup

Data attributes are integral to the button plugin. Check out the example code below for the various markup types.

Options

None

Methods

$().button(‘toggle’)

Toggles push state. Gives the button the appearance that it has been activated.

Auto toggling

You can enable auto toggling of a button by using the data-toggle attribute.

<button type="button" class="btn" data-toggle="button">...</button>

$().button(‘loading’)

Sets button state to loading - disables button and swaps text to loading text. Loading text should be defined on the button element using the data attribute data-loading-text.

<button type="button" class="btn" data-loading-text="loading stuff...">...</button>

Cross-browser compatibility

Firefox persists the disabled state across page loads. A workaround for this is to use autocomplete="off".

$().button(‘reset’)

Resets button state - swaps text to original text.

$().button(string)

Resets button state - swaps text to any data defined text state.

<button type="button" class="btn" data-complete-text="finished!" >...</button>
<script>
  $('.btn').button('complete')
</script>

About

Get base styles and flexible support for collapsible components like accordions and navigation.

Plugin dependency

Collapse requires the transitions plugin to be included in your version of Bootstrap.

Example accordion

Using the collapse plugin, we built a simple accordion by extending the panel component.

Anim pariatur cliche reprehenderit, enim eiusmod high life accusamus terry richardson ad squid. 3 wolf moon officia aute, non cupidatat skateboard dolor brunch. Food truck quinoa nesciunt laborum eiusmod. Brunch 3 wolf moon tempor, sunt aliqua put a bird on it squid single-origin coffee nulla assumenda shoreditch et. Nihil anim keffiyeh helvetica, craft beer labore wes anderson cred nesciunt sapiente ea proident. Ad vegan excepteur butcher vice lomo. Leggings occaecat craft beer farm-to-table, raw denim aesthetic synth nesciunt you probably haven’t heard of them accusamus labore sustainable VHS.
Anim pariatur cliche reprehenderit, enim eiusmod high life accusamus terry richardson ad squid. 3 wolf moon officia aute, non cupidatat skateboard dolor brunch. Food truck quinoa nesciunt laborum eiusmod. Brunch 3 wolf moon tempor, sunt aliqua put a bird on it squid single-origin coffee nulla assumenda shoreditch et. Nihil anim keffiyeh helvetica, craft beer labore wes anderson cred nesciunt sapiente ea proident. Ad vegan excepteur butcher vice lomo. Leggings occaecat craft beer farm-to-table, raw denim aesthetic synth nesciunt you probably haven’t heard of them accusamus labore sustainable VHS.
Anim pariatur cliche reprehenderit, enim eiusmod high life accusamus terry richardson ad squid. 3 wolf moon officia aute, non cupidatat skateboard dolor brunch. Food truck quinoa nesciunt laborum eiusmod. Brunch 3 wolf moon tempor, sunt aliqua put a bird on it squid single-origin coffee nulla assumenda shoreditch et. Nihil anim keffiyeh helvetica, craft beer labore wes anderson cred nesciunt sapiente ea proident. Ad vegan excepteur butcher vice lomo. Leggings occaecat craft beer farm-to-table, raw denim aesthetic synth nesciunt you probably haven’t heard of them accusamus labore sustainable VHS.
<div class="panel-group" id="accordion">
  <div class="panel panel-default">
    <div class="panel-heading">
      <h4 class="panel-title">
        <a data-toggle="collapse" data-parent="#accordion" href="#collapseOne">
          Collapsible Group Item #1
        </a>
      </h4>
    </div>
    <div id="collapseOne" class="panel-collapse collapse in">
      <div class="panel-body">
        Anim pariatur cliche reprehenderit, enim eiusmod high life accusamus terry richardson ad squid. 3 wolf moon officia aute, non cupidatat skateboard dolor brunch. Food truck quinoa nesciunt laborum eiusmod. Brunch 3 wolf moon tempor, sunt aliqua put a bird on it squid single-origin coffee nulla assumenda shoreditch et. Nihil anim keffiyeh helvetica, craft beer labore wes anderson cred nesciunt sapiente ea proident. Ad vegan excepteur butcher vice lomo. Leggings occaecat craft beer farm-to-table, raw denim aesthetic synth nesciunt you probably haven't heard of them accusamus labore sustainable VHS.
      </div>
    </div>
  </div>
  <div class="panel panel-default">
    <div class="panel-heading">
      <h4 class="panel-title">
        <a data-toggle="collapse" data-parent="#accordion" href="#collapseTwo">
          Collapsible Group Item #2
        </a>
      </h4>
    </div>
    <div id="collapseTwo" class="panel-collapse collapse">
      <div class="panel-body">
        Anim pariatur cliche reprehenderit, enim eiusmod high life accusamus terry richardson ad squid. 3 wolf moon officia aute, non cupidatat skateboard dolor brunch. Food truck quinoa nesciunt laborum eiusmod. Brunch 3 wolf moon tempor, sunt aliqua put a bird on it squid single-origin coffee nulla assumenda shoreditch et. Nihil anim keffiyeh helvetica, craft beer labore wes anderson cred nesciunt sapiente ea proident. Ad vegan excepteur butcher vice lomo. Leggings occaecat craft beer farm-to-table, raw denim aesthetic synth nesciunt you probably haven't heard of them accusamus labore sustainable VHS.
      </div>
    </div>
  </div>
  <div class="panel panel-default">
    <div class="panel-heading">
      <h4 class="panel-title">
        <a data-toggle="collapse" data-parent="#accordion" href="#collapseThree">
          Collapsible Group Item #3
        </a>
      </h4>
    </div>
    <div id="collapseThree" class="panel-collapse collapse">
      <div class="panel-body">
        Anim pariatur cliche reprehenderit, enim eiusmod high life accusamus terry richardson ad squid. 3 wolf moon officia aute, non cupidatat skateboard dolor brunch. Food truck quinoa nesciunt laborum eiusmod. Brunch 3 wolf moon tempor, sunt aliqua put a bird on it squid single-origin coffee nulla assumenda shoreditch et. Nihil anim keffiyeh helvetica, craft beer labore wes anderson cred nesciunt sapiente ea proident. Ad vegan excepteur butcher vice lomo. Leggings occaecat craft beer farm-to-table, raw denim aesthetic synth nesciunt you probably haven't heard of them accusamus labore sustainable VHS.
      </div>
    </div>
  </div>
</div>

You can also use the plugin without the accordion markup. Make a button toggle the expanding and collapsing of another element.

<button type="button" class="btn btn-danger" data-toggle="collapse" data-target="#demo">
  simple collapsible
</button>

<div id="demo" class="collapse in">...</div>

Usage

The collapse plugin utilizes a few classes to handle the heavy lifting:

  • .collapse hides the content
  • .collapse.in shows the content
  • .collapsing is added when the transition starts, and removed when it finishes

These classes can be found in component-animations.less.

Via data attributes

Just add data-toggle="collapse" and a data-target to element to automatically assign control of a collapsible element. The data-target attribute accepts a CSS selector to apply the collapse to. Be sure to add the class collapse to the collapsible element. If you’d like it to default open, add the additional class in.

To add accordion-like group management to a collapsible control, add the data attribute data-parent="#selector". Refer to the demo to see this in action.

Via JavaScript

Enable manually with:

$(".collapse").collapse()

Options

Options can be passed via data attributes or JavaScript. For data attributes, append the option name to data-, as in data-parent="".

Name type default description
parent selector false If selector then all collapsible elements under the specified parent will be closed when this collapsible item is shown. (similar to traditional accordion behavior - this dependent on the accordion-group class)
toggle boolean true Toggles the collapsible element on invocation

Methods

.collapse(options)

Activates your content as a collapsible element. Accepts an optional options object.

$('#myCollapsible').collapse({
  toggle: false
})

.collapse(‘toggle’)

Toggles a collapsible element to shown or hidden.

.collapse(‘show’)

Shows a collapsible element.

.collapse(‘hide’)

Hides a collapsible element.

Events

Bootstrap’s collapse class exposes a few events for hooking into collapse functionality.

Event Type Description
show.bs.collapse This event fires immediately when the show instance method is called.
shown.bs.collapse This event is fired when a collapse element has been made visible to the user (will wait for CSS transitions to complete).
hide.bs.collapse This event is fired immediately when the hide method has been called.
hidden.bs.collapse This event is fired when a collapse element has been hidden from the user (will wait for CSS transitions to complete).
$('#myCollapsible').on('hidden.bs.collapse', function () {
  // do something…
})

The slideshow below shows a generic plugin and component for cycling through elements like a carousel.

<div id="carousel-example-generic" class="carousel slide" data-ride="carousel">
  <!-- Indicators -->
  <ol class="carousel-indicators">
    <li data-target="#carousel-example-generic" data-slide-to="0" class="active"></li>
    <li data-target="#carousel-example-generic" data-slide-to="1"></li>
    <li data-target="#carousel-example-generic" data-slide-to="2"></li>
  </ol>

  <!-- Wrapper for slides -->
  <div class="carousel-inner">
    <div class="item active">
      <img src="..." alt="...">
      <div class="carousel-caption">
        ...
      </div>
    </div>
    ...
  </div>

  <!-- Controls -->
  <a class="left carousel-control" href="#carousel-example-generic" data-slide="prev">
    <span class="glyphicon glyphicon-chevron-left"></span>
  </a>
  <a class="right carousel-control" href="#carousel-example-generic" data-slide="next">
    <span class="glyphicon glyphicon-chevron-right"></span>
  </a>
</div>

Optional captions

Add captions to your slides easily with the .carousel-caption element within any .item. Place just about any optional HTML within there and it will be automatically aligned and formatted.

<div class="item active">
  <img src="..." alt="...">
  <div class="carousel-caption">
    <h3>...</h3>
    <p>...</p>
  </div>
</div>

Accessibility issue

The carousel component is generally not compliant with accessibility standards. If you need to be compliant, please consider other options for presenting your content.

Via data attributes

Use data attributes to easily control the position of the carousel. data-slide accepts the keywords prev or next, which alters the slide position relative to its current position. Alternatively, use data-slide-to to pass a raw slide index to the carousel data-slide-to="2", which shifts the slide position to a particular index beginning with 0.

The data-ride="carousel" attribute is used to mark a carousel as animating starting at page load.

Via JavaScript

Call carousel manually with:

$('.carousel').carousel()

Options

Options can be passed via data attributes or JavaScript. For data attributes, append the option name to data-, as in data-interval="".

Name type default description
interval number 5000 The amount of time to delay between automatically cycling an item. If false, carousel will not automatically cycle.
pause string “hover” Pauses the cycling of the carousel on mouseenter and resumes the cycling of the carousel on mouseleave.
wrap boolean true Whether the carousel should cycle continuously or have hard stops.

Methods

.carousel(options)

Initializes the carousel with an optional options object and starts cycling through items.

$('.carousel').carousel({
  interval: 2000
})

.carousel(‘cycle’)

Cycles through the carousel items from left to right.

.carousel(‘pause’)

Stops the carousel from cycling through items.

.carousel(number)

Cycles the carousel to a particular frame (0 based, similar to an array).

.carousel(‘prev’)

Cycles to the previous item.

.carousel(‘next’)

Cycles to the next item.

Events

Bootstrap’s carousel class exposes two events for hooking into carousel functionality.

Event Type Description
slide.bs.carousel This event fires immediately when the slide instance method is invoked.
slid.bs.carousel This event is fired when the carousel has completed its slide transition.
$('#myCarousel').on('slide.bs.carousel', function () {
  // do something…
})

Example

The subnavigation on the left is a live demo of the affix plugin.


Usage

Via data attributes

To easily add affix behavior to any element, just add data-spy="affix" to the element you want to spy on. Then use offsets to define when to toggle the pinning of an element on and off.

<div data-spy="affix" data-offset-top="200">...</div>

Requires independent styling ;)

Affix toggles between three states/classes: .affix, .affix-top, and .affix-bottom. You must provide the styles for these classes yourself (independent of this plugin). The .affix-top class should be in the regular flow of the document. The .affix class should be position: fixed. And .affix-bottom should be position: absolute. Note: .affix-bottom is special in that the plugin will place the element with JS relative to the offset: { bottom: number } option you’ve provided.

Via JavaScript

Call the affix plugin via JavaScript:

$('#myAffix').affix({
    offset: {
      top: 100
    , bottom: function () {
        return (this.bottom = $('.bs-footer').outerHeight(true))
      }
    }
  })

Options

Options can be passed via data attributes or JavaScript. For data attributes, append the option name to data-, as in data-offset-top="200".

Name type default description
offset number | function | object 10 Pixels to offset from screen when calculating position of scroll. If a single number is provided, the offset will be applied in both top and bottom directions. To provide a unique, bottom and top offset just provide an object offset: { top: 10 } or offset: { top: 10, bottom: 5 }. Use a function when you need to dynamically calculate an offset.